Notice and Note: Strategies for Close Reading by Kylene Beers & Robert E. Probst. This book has changed the way I teach reading!!
You can see the questions above, along with an abbreviation or code for students to use, as they read and write the symbols on post-its to stick in their books. My amazing student teacher made that beautiful anchor chart! (You'll see below that creating cute charts is not my forte! Lol)
To introduce each signpost, I used a picture book to teach a mini-lesson. After introducing the signpost students were to listen for, we charted what they noticed. They caught on very quickly and now they see signposts in EVERYTHING we do! I love how they're transferring those connections!
The one signpost we have not yet learned is "Aha Moment", where a character has a revelation. I'll be reading Bully by Patricia Polacco to introduce this signpost. One of the benefits of learning the signposts is that students begin to attempt to use these also as a writing strategy. When they're writing their own narratives, they often include a memory moment or contrasts & contradictions!
After students learn each new signpost, we model how to record text clues and then to think aloud about what they can infer from that text clue. We are in the middle of reading Sarah, Plain, and Tall and the kids keep finding TONS of signposts!
After some together-time, students went off to read with partners and to record their symbols and inferences. They loved this and were very successful! Circulating the room to observe and
spy listen in to readers is also a great informal assessment to check which students understand inference and which ones need a small group reteaching or one-on-one conference.
And I found these colorful signposts bookmarks at Ladybug's Teacher Files; she always has fabulous products!!
How do you teach meaning and inference to your students?